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Detecting a transmission from nearby moon LV, the ship's computer, Mother, awakens the crew. Company policy requires any potential distress signal be investigated, so they land on the moon, sustaining damage from its atmosphere and rocky landscape. Parker and Brett repair the ship while Dallas, Kane and Lambert head out to investigate. They discover the signal comes from a derelict alien ship and enter it, losing communication with Ash.

On the Nostromo , Ripley deciphers part of the transmission, determining it to be a warning, but cannot relay this info to those on the derelict ship. Meanwhile, Kane discovers a chamber containing hundreds of large egg-like objects. When he touches one, a creature springs out, breaks through his helmet, and attaches itself to his face. Dallas and Lambert carry the unconscious Kane back to Nostromo. As acting senior officer, Ripley refuses to let them aboard, citing quarantine regulations, but Ash ignores her and lets them inside.

Ash attempts to remove the creature from Kane's face but stops when he discovers that its blood is an extremely corrosive acid. It later detaches on its own and is found dead.

The ship is partly repaired, and the crew lifts off. Kane awakens with some memory loss but is otherwise unharmed. During a final crew meal before returning to stasis, he chokes and convulses, then dies as a small alien creature bursts from his chest and escapes into the ship. The crew attempts to locate it with tracking devices and capture or kill it with nets, electric prods and flamethrowers. Brett follows the crew's cat Jones into a huge supply room, where the now fully-grown alien Bolaji Badejo attacks and disappears with his body, climbing into the rafters.

After heated discussion, the crew decide the creature must be in the air ducts. Dallas enters the ducts, intending to force the alien into an airlock, but it ambushes him. Lambert implores the others to abandon ship and escape in its small shuttle. Now in command, Ripley explains it will not support four people and pursues the plan of flushing out the alien. Now with access to Mother, Ripley discovers Ash has been secretly ordered by the company to bring the alien back, with the crew deemed expendable.

She confronts Ash, who tries to choke her to death. Parker intervenes and clubs Ash, knocking his head loose and revealing him to be an android. Ash's head is reactivated, and they learn he was assigned to ensure the creature's survival.

In a chilling lack of humanity, he expresses admiration for the creature's psychology, unhindered by conscience or morality. Ash taunts them about their chances against the "perfect organism," ending with a ghoulish smirk. Ripley cuts off his power; as they leave, Parker incinerates him. The remaining crew decides to self-destruct Nostromo and escape in the shuttle. Parker and Lambert are killed by the creature as they gather supplies. Ripley initiates the self-destruct sequence and proceeds with the cat to the shuttle only to find the alien blocking her path.

She retreats and attempts unsuccessfully to abort the self-destruct. With no further options, she makes her way to the shuttle and barely escapes as the Nostromo explodes. As Ripley prepares for stasis, she discovers to her horror the alien is aboard, having wedged itself into a narrow space where it appears to sleep. She puts on a spacesuit and begins flushing the air ducts. Irritated by the spray, the creature tumbles into the open, revealing itself for the first time. It approaches Ripley, but before it can attack she opens the airlock doors pushing the alien out by explosive decompression.

It manages to hang on by gripping the frame. Ripley shoots it with a grappling hook which knocks it loose, but the gun catches as the airlock door closes, tethering the alien to the shuttle. As it attempts to crawl into one of the engine exhausts, Ripley ignites them to blast the creature into space.

After recording the final log entry, she places herself and the cat into stasis for the trip home to Earth.

O'Bannon had written 29 pages of a script titled Memory , containing what would become the opening scenes of Alien: They investigate and their ship breaks down on the surface. O'Bannon soon accepted an offer to work on Alejandro Jodorowsky 's adaptation of Dune , a project that took him to Paris for six months.

Giger , and Jean "Moebius" Giraud. I had never seen anything that was quite as horrible and at the same time as beautiful as his work. And so I ended up writing a script about a Giger monster.

Shusett suggested that O'Bannon use one of his other film ideas, about gremlins infiltrating a B bomber during World War II , and set it on the spaceship as the second half of the story. He and Shusett liked the new title's simplicity and its double meaning as both a noun and an adjective. In writing the script, O'Bannon drew inspiration from many previous works of science fiction and horror.

He later stated that "I didn't steal Alien from anybody. I stole it from everybody! Simak in which a crew lands on an asteroid and discovers a chamber full of eggs. With most of the plot in place, Shusett and O'Bannon presented their script to several studios, [30] pitching it as " Jaws in space.

That whole idea and scenario was theirs. Despite these rewrites, 20th Century Fox did not express confidence in financing a science-fiction film. However, after the success of Star Wars in the studio's interest in the genre rose substantially. O'Bannon had originally assumed that he would direct Alien , but 20th Century Fox instead asked Hill to direct. A Space Odyssey and Star Wars. O'Bannon introduced Scott to the artwork of H. Giger; both of them felt that his painting Necronom IV was the type of representation they wanted for the film's antagonist and began asking the studio to hire him as a designer.

Casting calls and auditions for Alien were held in both New York and London. They wanted the Nostromo ' s crew to resemble working astronauts in a realistic environment, a concept summarised [ by whom? To assist the actors in preparing for their roles, Scott wrote several pages of backstory for each character explaining their histories.

Roger Ebert notes that the actors in Alien were older than was typical in thriller films at the time, which helped make the characters more convincing:.

None of them were particularly young. Tom Skerritt, the captain, was 46, Hurt was 39 but looked older, Holm was 48, Harry Dean Stanton was 53, Yaphet Kotto was 42, and only Veronica Cartwright at 30 and Weaver at 29 were in the age range of the usual thriller cast. Many recent action pictures have improbably young actors cast as key roles or sidekicks, but by skewing older, Alien achieves a certain texture without even making a point of it: David McIntee , author of Beautiful Monsters: The Unofficial and Unauthorised Guide to the Alien and Predator Films , asserts that part of the film's effectiveness in frightening viewers "comes from the fact that the audience can all identify with the characters Everyone aboard the Nostromo is a normal, everyday, working Joe just like the rest of us.

They just happen to live and work in the future. Alien was filmed over fourteen weeks from July 5 to October 21, Principal photography took place at Shepperton Studios near London, while model and miniature filming was done at Bray Studios in Water Oakley , Berkshire.

A crew of over craftspeople and technicians constructed the three principal sets: Ridley Scott was not convinced that it looked large enough, so he had his two young sons and the son of Derek Vanlint the film's cinematographer stand in for the regular actors, wearing smaller space suits to make the set-pieces seem larger.

The children nearly collapsed due to the heat of the suits; oxygen systems were eventually added to help the actors breathe. By removing the glycerin she was able to continue working with the cats.

Alien originally was to conclude with the destruction of the Nostromo while Ripley escapes in the shuttle Narcissus. However, Ridley Scott conceived of a "fourth act" to the film in which the Alien appears on the shuttle and Ripley is forced to confront it. He pitched the idea to 20th Century Fox and negotiated an increase in the budget to film the scene over several extra days.

Editing and post-production work on Alien took roughly 20 weeks to complete. And I think the slowness of it made the moments that you wanted people to be sort of scared And I think that's how it worked. One scene that was cut from the film occurred during Ripley's final escape from the Nostromo: O'Bannon had intended the scene to indicate that Brett was becoming an alien egg while Dallas was held nearby to be implanted by the resulting facehugger.

Her trying to get the hell out of there, we're all rooting for her to get out of there, and for her to slow up and have a conversation with Dallas was not appropriate. Scott and Rawlings had also become attached to several of the musical cues they had used for the temporary score while editing the film, and re-edited some of Goldsmith's cues and re-scored several sequences to match these cues and even left the temporary score in place in some parts of the finished film.

O'Bannon brought in artists Ron Cobb and Chris Foss with whom he had worked on Dark Star and Dune , respectively to work on designs for the human aspects of the film such as the spaceship and space suits. The final name of the ship was derived from the title of Joseph Conrad 's novel Nostromo , while the escape shuttle, called Narcissus in the script, was named after Conrad's novella The Nigger of the 'Narcissus'. The sets of the Nostromo ' s three decks were each created almost entirely in one piece, with each deck occupying a separate stage.

The actors had to navigate through the hallways that connected the stages, adding to the film's sense of claustrophobia and realism.

However, the name and logo of "Weylan-Yutani" appears on several set pieces and props such as computer monitors and beer cans. Art Director Roger Christian used scrap metal and parts to create set pieces and props to save money, a technique he employed while working on Star Wars.

Giger designed and worked on all of the alien aspects of the film, which he designed to appear organic and biomechanical in contrast to the industrial look of the Nostromo and its human elements. Ridley Scott described the set as the cockpit or driving deck of the mysterious ship, and the production team was able to convince the studio that the scene was important to impress the audience and make them aware that this was not a B movie.

The origin of the jockey creature was not explored in the film, but Scott later theorized that it might have been the ship's pilot, and that the ship might have been a weapons-carrier capable of dropping alien eggs onto a planet so that the aliens could use the local lifeforms as hosts.

The band was testing the lasers for use in their stage show on the sound-stage next door. The spaceships and planets for the film were shot using models and miniatures. These included models of the Nostromo , its attached mineral refinery, the escape shuttle Narcissus , the alien planetoid, and the exterior and interior of the derelict spacecraft. Three models of the Nostromo were made: The Nostromo was originally yellow, and the team filmed shots of the models for six weeks before Johnson left to work on The Empire Strikes Back.

Scott then ordered it changed to gray, and the team had to begin shooting again from scratch. He also took a hammer and chisel to sections of the refinery, knocking off many of the spires that Bower had spent weeks creating. Scott also had disagreements with miniature-effects cinematographer Dennis Ayling over how to light the models. Bower carved Kane's burial shroud out of wood; it was launched through the hatch using a small catapult and filmed at high speed.

The footage was slowed down in editing. The other shots were simply filmed against black backdrops, with stars added via double exposure. Scott added smoke and wind effects to enhance the illusion. The Nostromo was pushed away from the refinery by a forklift covered in black velvet, causing the arm to extend out from the refinery.

This created the illusion that the arm was pushing the ship forward. A separate model was created for the exterior of the derelict alien spacecraft. Matte paintings were used to fill in areas of the ship's interior as well as exterior shots of the planetoid's surface. The sequel Aliens named the planetoid as "LV", [64] and both names have been used for it in subsequent expanded-universe media such as comic books and video games.

The scene of Kane inspecting the egg was shot in post-production. A fiberglass egg was used so that actor John Hurt could shine his light on it and see movement inside, which was provided by Ridley Scott fluttering his hands inside the egg while wearing rubber gloves.

For this reason the image of a hen's egg was used on the poster, and has become emblematic of the franchise as a whole—as opposed to the Alien egg that appears in the finished film.

The "facehugger" and its proboscis , which was made of a sheep's intestine , were shot out of the egg using high-pressure air hoses. The shot was reversed and slowed down in editing to prolong the effect and reveal more detail. Giger designed for the film, going through several versions in different sizes before deciding on a small creature with humanlike fingers and a long tail. The design of the "chestburster" was inspired by Francis Bacon 's painting Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion.

For the filming of the chestburster scene, the cast members knew that the creature would be bursting out of Hurt, and had seen the chestburster puppet, but they had not been told that fake blood would also be bursting out in every direction from high-pressure pumps and squibs.

The chestburster was shoved up through the torso by a puppeteer who held it on a stick. When the creature burst through the chest a stream of blood shot directly at Veronica Cartwright, shocking her enough that she fell over and went into hysterics. She had no idea what the hell happened. All of a sudden this thing just came up. The real-life surprise of the actors gave the scene an intense sense of realism and made it one of the film's most memorable moments.

During preview screenings the crew noticed that some viewers would move towards the back of the theater so as not to be too close to the screen during the sequence.

For the scene in which Ash is revealed to be an android , a puppet was created of the character's torso and upper body which was operated from underneath. Milk, caviar, pasta, fiber optics , and glass marbles were combined to form the android's innards.

Giger made several conceptual paintings of the adult Alien before settling on the final version. He sculpted the creature's body using plasticine , incorporating pieces such as vertebrae from snakes and cooling tubes from a Rolls-Royce.

For most of the film's scenes the Alien was portrayed by Bolaji Badejo. Scott chose not to show the full Alien for most of the film, keeping most of its body in shadow in order to create a sense of terror and heighten suspense. The audience could thus project their own fears into imagining what the rest of the creature might look like: It evolves the nature and appearance of the creature, so we never know quite what it looks like or what it can do The first time we get a good look at the alien, as it bursts from the chest of poor Kane John Hurt.

It is unmistakably phallic in shape, and the critic Tim Dirks mentions its 'open, dripping vaginal mouth.

With the film's release, a merchandising and media campaign was launched. This included a novelization by Alan Dean Foster , in both adult and "junior" versions, which was adapted from the film's shooting script. The Illustrated Story , as well as a Alien calendar. The Book of Alien contained many production photographs and details on the making of the film, while Giger's Alien contained much of H.

Giger's concept artwork for the movie. Additionally, a single of the Main Theme was released in , [59] and a disco single using audio excerpts from the film was released in on the UK label Bronze Records by a recording artist under the name Nostromo. An initial screening of Alien for 20th Century Fox representatives in St. Louis was marred by poor sound. The first consisted of rapidly changing still images set to some of Jerry Goldsmith's electronic music from Logan's Run.

The second used test footage of a hen's egg set to part of Goldsmith's Alien score. Noah was my technician and Fernando was his assistant. They were here on Thursday and I, as always, am very pleased with the load in, set up and finished service. Noah and Fernando were courteous, knowledgable, caring and thorough. I will absolutely call them for future duct cleaning. Thanks Noah and Fernando I am very happy with Justin from Monster Vac! Justin was polite and professional.

While working, he was meticulous in ensuring cleanliness of all the areas in which he was working. He picked up and vacuumed all the residual dust and debris that was around all the work areas. I'm confident that the furnace is running more efficiently, and the air in our house much cleaner. I would highly recommend Monster Vac for air duct cleaning services, especially on a fairly newer home such as ours.

Their technician, Mike Z, arrived on time. He was very professional and thorough. He went through the entire house with me to ensure that each vent was identified before he started his cleaning process.

As I had suspected, the cleaning was an absolute necessity, as there was evidence of construction debris as well as an accumulation of dust and dirt. The entire process took about four hours - Mike Z never stopped once to take a break. I was pleasantly surprised that the service also included cleaning the furnace and a thorough vacuuming of the home.

Thanks, Mike Z, for great customer service Just was wonderful well worth the money. Steve worked w me to schedule. The whole company is kind and reapectful and on top of that the quality of the work smokes the competition. Thanks Monster Vac five stars! I could not be happier with the service Justin provided. He was right on time, pleasant and professional in every way. He was very clear when explaining costs and services he would be providing.

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After showing up on time they went to work for about 7 hours, which was much longer than we expected but boy did those ducts need the job. After seeing before and after photos that Justin provided we couldn't be happier with the job they did.

Ill be using these guys again soon at some other properties. Mike did an amazing job at our house today. He is very professional and thorough cleaning all vents.

He explained the job process and was in no rush to clean our system and vents. Thank you Mike and Monster Vac! I can't remember that last time that we had such a professional service experience in our house. From the minute they walked in the door wearing dust covers over their shoes to the thoroughness in explaining the process before they started.

Mike and Bryan are a credit to industry and to Monster Vac. I would have no reservation in recommending them to any of my friends. The two young men arrived on time and went right to work. It was obvious that they were well experience in what they were doing.

The job was done quickly, and everything was left just as it was before they started, except that all the dust and stuff in the furnace ducts was GONE!!! They worked fast and were very courteous when something needed our attention.

I will definitely recommend Monster Vac to anyone who asks me about your company. This is the second time that I have used Monster Vac and they did a great job. Mike and Leo came to the home and were very professional.

Very easy to talk to and did not mind answering all of my questions. They took care not to scratch anything in the home with the hose and and made sure everything was cleaned up before they left. They also showed me before and after pictures so I could see what had been done. I highly recommend using Monster Vac. Justin and Fernando were great. They introduced themselves, explained the entire process, we looked over my system and walked the house together to insure all ducts would be cleaned.

We had our ducts cleaned by monster vac yesterday. Daniel arrived promptly and was very professional. He went about his job non-stop and worked with care. In addition to doing a great job on cleaning the ducts he also showed me the before and after results and took the time to explain the process. Daniel pointed out a condensation issue with the furnace which we were not aware. Thank you Daniel, Betsy. Home of the Gold Standard Service!!! What a professional operation!

Mike and Steven arrived on time this morning. We did a walk around the house locating all the heat ducts and cold air returns and the furnace, which is also included in the cleaning project. Mike and Steven were very thorough in the cleaning process. Very neat and tidy. That is truly the way to get your ducts cleaned. It costs a bit more, but the results are so much better. I am extremely happy with the results. Overall the process took about four hours.

Mike and Steven were exceptional and they, along with their company, are highly recommended. Mike did a phenomenal job! He was left flying solo on the day of our clean- a big task for our 4, sq. He did it without complaining and it didn't take him as long as he initially thought it would. There was very little mess left behind, he covered the vac and even took his shoes off in our house. My husband and I both said the house smells cleaner and the air felt crisp. We are so happy we found Monster Vac and the money was well worth it!

Monster vac was amazing and thorough. Their technicians Justin and Fernando were respectful and friendly. They quickly answered any questions or concerns I had.

Then worked diligently but made sure no vent was left unturned. Thank you for your great work and ease of using monster vac. Justin was an impressive young man. Very knowledgeable with a good work ethic. I felt totally comfortable having him do the job. He showed me pictures as he went along. I am so happy this was done! Justin took great care of us last week. He then set about protecting the floor and banister before working to clean our ducts, furnace, AC coils and dryer vent.

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